The Titanic’s name is connected with that of fictional passengers Jack and Rose on her maiden voyage. Here are 10 truths about the Titanic in the middle of the many myths and fiction surrounding the iconic cruise liner and her ill-fated maiden voyage.
1. On the Titanic, Many Died Even Before It Set Sail.
There were 28 catastrophic accidents and 218 minor mishaps during the Titanic’s 26-month construction at the Harland & Wolff Shipyard in Belfast. A total of eight workers were murdered.
This was a lower number than the industry standard of one death for every £100,000 invested at the time. Because the Titanic cost £1.5 million to build, 15 deaths were possible.
The majority of the eight died as a result of injuries incurred when falling from the ship or the staging area surrounding it.
James Dobbin, a 43-year-old shipwright, was killed on the day the Titanic was launched. An estimated 10,000 people were observed as the big ship dropped from the yard onto the River Lagan at 12:10 on May 31, 1911.
During the process of removing the timber stays that had been holding the ship upright, Dobbin was crushed.
The RMS Titanic is ready to set sail in 1911.
2. The World’s Largest Cruise Ship
The Titanic was the largest mobile man-made object at the time of its launch. She measured 269 meters in length and 28 meters in width. She stood 32 meters tall from keel to bridge, and 53 meters tall to the top of the stacks.
The Titanic was thought to need four exhaust stacks because of her majesty. However, Thomas Andrews’ efficient original design just required three. As a result, the ship only had one completely decorative stack.
Titanic’s massive size was the result of a battle between her owners, White Star Line and Cunard Line.
3. Select One of Three Options
It would have been too costly to build the Titanic alone due to her size and the new technology she would require. She was instead built alongside two sister ships, both of which had interesting lives of their own.
The RMS Olympic was the first ship to be built, and it was launched on September 20, 1910. The Olympic was the world’s largest liner for the next twelve months, although being somewhat smaller.
On 2 March 1912, the RMS Titanic (right) is fitted out at Belfast’s fitting-out quay, while the RMS Olympic (left) is being repaired. Harland & Wolff’s official photographer took this photo.
In the Olympics, less attention to detail was paid to the aesthetic than on the Titanic. Improvements were made after the former sank, including lifeboats for all passengers and, in October 1912, the installation of a watertight inner skin.
In October 1914, the Olympic rescued men from the sinking British warship Audacious and served as a troopship transporting Canadian soldiers to the front lines in Europe.
She was the only one of the three to live for more than five years. The Britannic, the third and largest ship, was built after the Titanic disaster and sank in 1916 after colliding with a mine. She had formerly served on a British medical ship.
4. There’s Still Room for One (Thousand) More.
When the Titanic sank in 1912, there were about 2,200 passengers on board, while her maximum capacity was roughly 3,500. 1,000 of these would be crew. There were 908 crew members on board in 1912, but fewer passengers. There were 324 First Class passengers, 284 Second Class passengers, and 709 Third Class passengers.
The ship sank, killing between 1,490 and 1,635 persons, including the captain.
5. The Total Wealth of First-Class Passengers Was Believed to Be $500 Million.
John Jacob Astor IV is responsible for $87 million of this.
Astor and his wife Madeleine boarded the Olympics on their way from New York in January 1912. On the Titanic’s return journey, Astor was the wealthiest passenger and one of the world’s wealthiest individuals. He perished in the sinking because the ‘women and children first policy was widely observed.
From the 1912 promotional pamphlet, a drawing of the RMS Titanic’s Grand Staircase (Credit: Public Domain)
On the Titanic, it is estimated that $6 million worth of belongings perished.
The alleged wealth of Alfred Journey, on the other hand, was not included. Traveling as Baron Alfred von Drachstedt, Nourney took advantage of his fictitious noble standing to upgrade to first class.
Unlike the 168 men in his original second-class rooms, of who only 14 survived the sinking, he swiftly acquired access to a lifeboat from the first-class smoking area as the ship sank.
6. Titanic’s First-class Cabin Was a Haven of Luxury.
The liner featured four restaurants, and passengers dined on Stonier and Co. of Liverpool’s 50 thousand pieces of bone china dinnerware.
Onboard, there were reading rooms, two libraries, two barbershops, and a darkroom for photography. First-class travelers could utilize a heated swimming pool for 1 shilling at a time. Turkish and electric baths were also available for 4 shillings apiece.
On the Titanic, there was a swimming pool.
The Titanic had its own Atlantic Daily Bulletin, which included news, society gossip, and the cuisine for the day.
For ordinary accommodation, a first-class traveler would pay £30, or £875 for a parlor suite. However, the vast majority of passengers were in third class and paid between £3 and £8.
For all of the passengers in third class, there were only two baths, and many of them were crammed into the 164-bed dormitory on deck G.
7. The Titanic Was Tasked With Transporting Mail for the British Postal Service.
On decks F and G, there were 5 mail clerks, a post office, and a mailroom, as well as 3,423 sacks of mail.
The clerks prioritized transporting sacks of mail to the upper deck throughout the ship’s 2 hours and 40 minutes of sinking, according to reports.
The RMS Titanic set sail from Southampton on her first voyage and into history on April 10, 1912.
8. A Lifeboat Drill Scheduled for April 14th Has Been Cancelled.
It’s possible that Captain Edward Smith wanted to preach one last Sunday sermon before retiring. That night, the ship sank.
While the ship was docked, the crew had only done one lifeboat drill.
Even if the crew had been properly trained and each lifeboat had been filled, only about a third of the ship’s maximum capacity could be accommodated. It was thought that the ship would not sink, and that there would be enough time to evacuate the passengers.
The Merchant Shipping Act of 1894, which was not revised to accommodate ships over 10,000 tonnes, allowed for this error.
A lifeboat from the Titanic was photographed by a passenger on the Cunard Line’s RMS Carpathia.
Image credit: public domain, via Wikimedia Commons, passenger of the Carpathia, the ship that responded to the Titanic’s distress signal and rescued the survivors.
9. It Was Only in the Last 50 Years That the Wreck Was Located.
The Titanic is sunk 3,700 meters beneath the Atlantic’s surface. It wasn’t discovered until 1985 when it was determined that the boat had broken in half.
The search for the Titanic was part of a military mission directed by Robert Ballard to explore the wreckage of certain nuclear submarines.
The distance between the bow and stern is about a third of a mile. The ship’s debris has covered an area of 15 square miles.
Many parts of the ship are inaccessible to underwater vehicles, therefore they remain undiscovered.
The Titanic’s bow was photographed by the ROV Hercules in 2004.
10. The Titanic’s Legacy Lives on
Many films and documentaries have been made about the Titanic’s demise. Robin and RJ Gibb composed a requiem commemorating the Titanic’s launch, trip, sinking, and aftermath, which was performed by the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra.
While the ship is too delicate to be hauled to the surface, numerous smaller components and artifacts have been recovered. The Luxor Hotel on the Las Vegas Strip houses many of them, including a part of the hull.