Hurricanes are natural disasters that have far-reaching effects. It claims the lives of millions of people and wreaks havoc on nearly all of humanity’s creation. Excessive rainfall can inflict major damage to coastlines and hundreds of miles inland.
Floods and flying debris wreak havoc on the lives of those who live near the coast. In mountainous areas, slow-moving hurricanes provide significant rains. Excessive rain might cause landfall and mudslides. Due to the severe rainfall, the chances of flash floods are also improving. The following are some fascinating hurricane facts.
What Is the Definition of a Hurricane?
In the eastern Pacific Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, the southern Atlantic Ocean, and the Gulf of Mexico, a hurricane is a type of tropical cyclone or severe tropical storm. Hurricanes pose a threat to all coastal areas along the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean.
Tropical cyclones rotate counterclockwise and feature little thunderstorm activity. A tropical depression occurs when the winds of a tropical storm are less than 38 mph. A tropical storm is defined as a storm with winds of 39 to 73 mph. When winds exceed 74 mph, though, it is categorized as a hurricane.
Hurricane Facts: 50 Breathtaking Facts
Fact 1: The word “hurricane” comes from the Taino Native American word “hurricane,” which means “bad wind spirit.”
Fact 2: During World War II, the first hurricane that caused humans to fly occurred in 1943.
Fact 3: A tropical storm is a hurricane with winds of at least 74 miles per hour.
Fact 4: Hurricanes are the only natural disasters that have distinct names.
Fact 5: Hurricanes are generated by spinning above tropical ocean water in a warm moist environment.
Fact 6: The ‘Eye’ of a storm can be as large as 32 kilometers in diameter. The weather in this part of the world (the eye) is normally calm and windy.
Fact 7: The ‘Eye Wall,’ a ring of clouds and thunderstorms that surrounds the eye, is known as the ‘Eye Wall.’ This area is subjected to the worst hurricanes and the heaviest rains.
Fact 8: A powerful hurricane may produce enough energy to detonate ten atomic bombs in a single second.
Fact 9: Hurricanes can cause little tornadoes that last only a few minutes.
Fact 10: Slow-moving hurricanes are more likely to dump more rain, resulting in more flooding damage than fast-moving hurricanes.
Fact 11: Hurricane Floyd, which was only a category I storm, devastated 19 million trees and caused over a billion dollars in damage.
Fact 12: During hurricanes, many people die as a result of the rising ocean that enters the mainland and kills individuals instantaneously.
Fact 13: Typhoons are the name given to hurricanes in the Pacific Ocean.
Fact 14: They are commonly referred to as tropical cyclones in the Indian Ocean.
Fact 15: With 21 named storms, 1933 was the year with the most named storms on record. In 2005, the National Hurricane Center identified 28 storms, breaking the previous record. With 19 tropical storms, 1933 is now second, and 1995 is third.
Fact 16: With 15, 2005 was the year with the most storms ever formed in a single Atlantic season.
Fact 17: In 1983, there were the fewest tropical storms.
Fact 18: In the early 1900s, a weather forecaster from Australia named C. Wragge was the first to identify hurricanes.
Fact 19: The name of the first hurricane of the year begins with the letter “A.”
Fact 20: Hurricanes are given names because it is far easier to recall a storm’s name than it is to remember latitude and longitude. It becomes simple to track. It also aids in preventing confusion when multiple tropical storms or hurricanes are present at the same time.
Fact 21: In 1953, the National Hurricane Center was the first agency to start giving hurricanes female names. This practice, however, was discontinued in 1978.
Fact 22: Men’s names were included on the list in 1979. Except for the letters Q, U, X, Y, and Z, the names are in alphabetical sequence.
Fact 23: Today, the list includes names in English, Spanish, and French because they are the most widely spoken languages in the Atlantic Basin. There are six names listed. Every six years, each list is utilized in rotation.
Fact 24: Since all of the traditional names had been utilized for 2005, the first six letters of the Greek alphabet were used to name the remaining six named storms: “Alpha,” “Beta,” “Gamma,” “Delta,” “Epsilon,” and “Zeta.”
Fact 25: A name gets retired when a storm causes so many deaths or so much damage that it is no longer appropriate to use it. Hurricane names are retired and new names are chosen by the World Meteorological Organization.
Fact 26: The four hurricanes that made headlines in 2004 — Charley, Frances, Ivan, and Jeanne — have all passed away. When the list is utilized again, Colin, Fiona, Igor, and Julia will take their places.
Fact 27: Katrina, Maria, Irma, Harvey, Sandy, and Andrew are the names of the costliest hurricanes.
Fact 28: Hurricane Katrina was one of the most expensive category 5 hurricanes in history, causing over $100 billion in damage.
Fact 29: Storms are most common from June to November when the seas are at their hottest and most humid, allowing hurricanes to form.
Fact 30: Hurricane season in the Atlantic Ocean begins on June 1st, and in the Pacific, it begins in mid-May. Both come to a close at the end of November.
Fact 31: Based on statistics from 1968 to 2003, an average hurricane season produces 10.6 tropical storms. Six of them develop into hurricanes, and
Two of them intensify into major storms, which are classified as category 3 or above.
Fact 32: Jupiter has a hurricane that looks like a red dot in the sky and has been spinning for 300 years. This hurricane is the size of the entire planet.
Fact 33: Hurricanes are powerful enough to transport winds of up to 160 miles per hour.
Fact 34: Hurricanes can have a diameter of 600-800 kilometers.
Fact 35: The floods caused by hurricanes are responsible for 90% of the deaths that occur.
Fact 36: One million people were killed in a hurricane that struck Bangladesh in 1970. In terms of fatalities, this hurricane is said to be the worst tornado ever.
Fact 37: Hurricane winds can produce over 2 million trillion gallons of rain each day.
Fact 38: Because vertical shear increases during El Nio years, there are fewer tropical storms and hurricanes. Tropical cyclones can be prevented from forming and intensifying due to vertical shear.
Fact 39: Researchers have discovered that years with La Nia (opposite of El Nio) have a higher likelihood of storms, as well as a higher chance of hurricanes hitting the United States and the Caribbean.
Fact 40: When hurricanes hit land, they bring with them fierce winds, heavy rainfall, and waves powerful enough to wash away the entire cityscape. Storm surge is the term for this.
Fact 41: Florida gets struck by at least 40% of all storms in the United States.
Fact 42: Hurricanes and tropical storms are distinguished by their wind speeds. Tropical storms have wind speeds of 35 to 50 miles per hour. The winds of a hurricane are twice as strong and go at least 74 miles per hour.
Fact 43: The Saffir-Simpson Storm Scale categorizes hurricane strength. Hurricanes are classified into five categories based on their wind speed and damage potential. The following is a list of the wind speeds in each of the five categories.
- 74 to 95 miles per hour (category 1)
- 96-110 miles per hour (category 2)
- 111-129 miles per hour (category 3)
- Category 4 winds range from 130 to 156 miles per hour.
- The fifth category is the most dangerous. Speeds in excess of 157 mph.
Fact 44: A Category 1 hurricane is the weakest, with winds ranging from 74 to 95 miles per hour; a Category 5 hurricane is the fiercest, with speeds exceeding 155 miles per hour.
Fact 45: The most deadly hurricane was a category 4 storm that struck Texas and Galveston in 1990. The 15-foot waves, which were accompanied by 130-mile-per-hour gusts, claimed the lives of 8000 people.
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Fact 46: Hurricanes are thought to have killed around 1.9 million people in the last 200 years.
Fact 47: Eight category 5 storms struck the United States between 2000 and 2009. Isabelle (2003), Ivan (2004), Emily (2005), Katrina (2005), Rita (2005), Wilma (2005), Dean (2007), and Felix are among the cast members (2007).
Fact 48: Hurricanes that are more powerful can reach heights of 40,000 to 50,000 feet.
Fact 49: Hurricanes require Coriolis Force to create, which is extremely weak near the Equator, which is why they are unable to form near the Equator.
Fact 50: Each year, the Southern Hemisphere has about half the number of storms as the Northern Hemisphere.